Abdominal bloating is a digestive disorder in which the belly (abdomen) feels full and tight. Your belly may look swollen (distended).

Abdominal bloating causes tightness and discomfort in the abdomen, making it appear swollen.

Some causes of bloating include:

  • Gastroesophageal reflux (GERD)
  • Constipation
  • Swallowing air
  • Small bowel bacterial overgrowth
  • “Leaky Gut Syndrome”
  • Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Weight gain
  • Reaction to medication
  • Lactose intolerance and other food intolerances
  • Problems digesting certain foods
  • Overeating

More severe causes include:

  • Dumping syndrome
  • Ascites and tumors
  • Problems with the pancreas
  • Ovarian cancer
  • Celiac disease

Over-the-counter medications can help with bloating, but call your gastroenterology physician if you move from discomfort to pain, have bloody or dark stools, diarrhea, painful heartburn, vomiting, or noticeable weight loss.

In addition, contact your doctor with any questions and concerns.